Microsoft Windows Vista might not be sold in Europe

The European Union’s chief antitrust regulator has warned Microsoft Corp that it can’t sell the Windows Vista operating system in Europe if it has certain features. One concern is Microsoft’s potential to unfairly direct users to Microsoft’s internet search service. The EU is also concerned about certain security functions in the system which may prevent consumers from being able to choose various software packages. Symantec Corp., for example, is concerned that if Microsoft included antivirus software in Vista, their product lines would suffer.

A 2004 EU antitrust order against Microsoft fined the company $600 million, ordered it to sell a version of Windows XP without audio-visual software attached, and ordered the company to create a how-to manual for competitors trying to write software that works with Windows.

 

Government Wants Companies to Stop Paying Legal Fees For Accused Executives

Federal prosecutors in New York, Alabama, and New Hampshire have threatened to label companies uncooperative if they continue to pay the legal fees of indicted executives. Prosecutors want individuals to pay their own legal fees, even though the fees can easily be upwards of $100,000 in a white collar crime case.

The New Hampshire case involves 5 former executives of Enterasys Networks Inc. They are charged with accounting fraud for inflating 2001 revenue, but the trial has been postponed because prosecutors pressured the company to not pay the legals fees of the defendants. U.S. Attorney William Morse denies that they pressured the company to stop paying legal fees, rather the prosecutors were going to consider the payments when assessing the company’s cooperation with the case.

How High Profile White Collar Criminals Fared in the Legal System

A long post, compliments of the Wall Street Journal. I thought this was a great piece. They chronicled how various high-profile white collar defendants fared. The lineup includes Frank Quattrone, Bernie Ebbers, Richard Scrushy, John Rigas, Dennis Kozlowski, Mark Belnick, Andrew Fastow, Martha Stewart, Joseph Nacchio, Walter Forbes, Martin Grass, and Jamie Olis.

Frank Quattrone (CSFB) – Conviction Overturned

After one mistrial, a subsequent conviction and an 18-month prison sentence, Frank Quattrone was granted a new trial. Mr. Quattrone, a former star investment banker whose success epitomized the Internet-stock boom of the late 1990s, had been convicted of obstruction of justice after forwarding an email in December 2000 urging employees to “clean up” their files during an investigation of allocations of initial public offerings at the firm then known as Credit Suisse First Boston. A federal appeals court Monday overturned the verdict, citing erroneous instructions given to the jury. The successful appeal was based partly on a May 2005 Supreme Court decision voiding a criminal conviction of Arthur Andersen LLP, the former accounting giant charged with shredding documents during an investigation of its client Enron Corp. The appeals court remanded the Quattrone case to the district court for retrial and ordered that it be assigned to another judge.

Bernard Ebbers (WorldCom) – Guilty

Bernard Ebbers, milkman-turned-WorldCom CEO, was convicted on all nine counts for his role in an $11 billion accounting scandal, the largest in U.S. history. In July 2005 a judge sentenced Mr. Ebbers to 25 years in prison — one of the stiffest sentences handed out in a white-collar case in recent years.

Martin Frankel Sentenced to Prison Again

Martin Frankel, infamous looter of insurance companies, was sentenced to 17 years in prison for his theft of more than $200 million. This is the same sentence he received in 2004, and he was resentenced pursuant to a Supreme Court ruling on sentencing guidelines.

Frankel pleaded guilty to 24 counts of fraud and racketeering, for his stealing from insurance companies that he took over in Arkansas, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Missouri and Tennessee. Those insurance companies were purchased through a trust which hid his involvement. His involvement was hidden because Frankel was barred from securities trading because of a theft he committed previously. Frankel claimed he was investing the assets of the insurance companies, but in reality he used the $200 million for personal purchases.

He fled the country in 1999 to avoid prosecution, but was found in Germany 4 months later. Frankel will be eligible for release in 2015.

Enron trial: Lay and Skilling to take the stand

The trial of former Enron executives Jeffrey Skilling and Kenneth Lay will continue this week, with the prosecution expected to wrap up its case. However, according to the Wall Street Journal:

…there has been no smoking gun — no emails or incriminating papers — conclusively tying the defendants to illegal acts.

The prosecution’s case has been laid out by former executives who have testified about illegal deals to hide Enron’s ailing finances. The witnesses say that Skilling and Lay either directed or knew about the various schemes.

Ben Glisan Jr., the former treasurer of Enron testified about some of the schemes. According to the Wall Street Journal, he testified that:

…he spoke with Mr. Skilling in 2000 of a plan to use Enron stock to absorb losses on company investments through off-balance-sheet entities known as the Raptors. An outside partnership, run and partly owned by Enron’s then-chief financial officer, Andrew Fastow, also took part in the Raptor deals.

Glisan also testified that he told Skilling about a feature of the partnership that helped Enron hide millions of dollars of losses, and that Lay “giggled” about the plan.

The defense case will likely rely heavily on testimony from Skilling (former president) and Lay (former chairman).

More on the Red Cross and Hurricane Katrina

Accusations of corruption are still lingering for Red Cross volunteers. They are being accused of diverting relief supplies, failure to follow Red Cross procedures for supply tracking and distributions, and use of felons as volunteers (which is against Red Cross policy).

Specific problems include the disappearance of:

  • rented vehicles
  • generators
  • 3,000 air mattresses
  • computer equipment that could be used to add funds to debit cards

Estimates of the dollar value of misappropriation are not available, but it is known that the Red Cross received about 60% of the $3.6 billion donated by Americans. The investigation is being done by the Red Cross ethics and compliance department.

Read my article about the potential for financial statement fraud related to Hurricane Katrina.

Former Milwaukee Police Sergeant appeals his demotion

Corstan Court was the first supervisor on the scene of the October 2004 Frank Jude Jr. beating by off-duty police officers. Chief Nannette Hegarty demoted Court to officer because he failed to perform the duties of a supervisor. Namely, he left the scene without telling anyone, did not separate witnesses and suspects, did not request additional officers to the scene, and did not make any arrests. Hegarty said:

He is not being punished because he didn’t do everything perfect. He is being demoted because he didn’t do anything right at the scene that night.

Edited to add: The demotion was upheld this afternoon by the police and fire commission.

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Internet phishing at tax time

Identity theft by people posing as the Internal Revenue Service is on the rise. Hundreds of thousands of emails purporting to be from the IRS have been sent to targets, asking readers to go to a site that mimics the look of the IRS site. They are then asked to give sensitive personal financial information.

The IRS says that the phishers are generally people outside the U.S., and that they have confirmed 12 websites in 18 different countries using a scam like this.

The IRS is directing taxpayers to a page on the REAL IRS website, which gives information on the scams.

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